Employment: By December 2007, total employment in Turkey was 20 million 443 thousand people. When employment is analyzed according to the 2007 figures in three major sectors, 24% of people were employed in agriculture, 21% in industry, 5.5% in the building sector and 49.5% in the service sector. Of all employed people, 75.3% were men and 60.5% had education level of below high school. Again, of all people working in 2007, 59.9% were wage earners, 27.8% were self employed or employers and 12.3% were unpaid family laborers.
Unemployment: As of December 2007, the number of unemployed in Turkey was 2 million 436 thousand and the rate of unemployed was 10.6%, the unemployment rate was 12.2% in urban and 8.1% in rural areas. The rate of unemployment in the non-agricultural sectors was realized at 13%. This ratio was 12.1% for men and 16.8% for women. 74.9% of the unemployed are men. Among unemployed people in the country, 57.8% are people with under high school education.
Rate of Participation in the Workforce: The rate of participation in the workforce as of December 2007 was 46.2%. This figure was 70.2% for men and 22.6% for women. The rate of participation in the urban areas was 44.4% and 49.2% in the rural areas. Of the total work force, 17.6% were people in the 15-24 age group. While the rate of participation in the workforce was 44.8% for under high school level school-leavers, this rate was 77.5% for the university graduates. For the under high school school-leavers, the rate of participation in the workforce was 70% for men and 18.9% for women, whereas the participation in the workforce for the high school and equivalent school-leavers was 71.1% and 30.1% for men and women, respectively.
Within the frame of the 2007-2008 Privatization Social Support Project, launched with the aim of eliminating or at least minimizing the adverse effects of privatization practices, at the provinces level, as of October 2007, 5.228 people have received training in consultancy, formal education, and work place education in 254 projects implemented, and 2,791 of these people have been placed in jobs. Meanwhile, work is continuing to improve labor legislation in line with the International Labor Organization (ILO) norms as well as the conditions for compliance with the European Union. On the other hand, regular migration of the workforce to foreign countries began with the Workforce Agreement concluded with the Federal Republic of Germany on October 30th, 1961. As of the end of 2007, the number of Turkish citizens living abroad was around 3 million 800 thousand, 3 million of which are residing in EU countries. Additionally, about 1 million 350 thousand of the Turkish citizens have accepted the nationality of the country in which they live. Necessary initiatives are being taken to protect the rights of Turkish citizens working abroad and work is continuing to adjust to current conditions the bilateral social security agreements with the respective countries.
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