Developing Eight Countries (D-8): Following an invitation by Turkey, Iran, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Malaysia, Indonesia, Egypt and Nigeria took part in the “Conference on Cooperation for Development” held in İstanbul on October 22nd, 1996. This conference was the first step towards the establishment of the D-8, another cooperation platform set up by Turkey’s initiative. The D-8 was set up officially and began its activities with the İstanbul Declaration issued at the end of the summit of Heads of State and Government held in İstanbul on June 15th, 1997, with a structure that includes an Executive Directorship, established in İstanbul.
Within the D-8, cooperation is made on a sectoral basis. Within this structure, Turkey is responsible for coordinating cooperations in the industry, health and environment sectors, Bangladesh is responsible for rural development, Indonesia is responsible for combating poverty and human resources, Malaysia is responsible for finance, banking and privatizations, Egypt is responsible for commerce, Nigeria is responsible for energy and Pakistan is responsible for agriculture and fisheries. So far, the D-8 has held five summits in İstanbul, Dhaka, Cairo, Tehran and Bali, ten Council of Foreign Ministers meetings, 24 commission meetings and numerous meetings at a technical level. All D-8 members are also IDA members. In the 1997-2006 period, retired Ambassador Ayhan Kamel took the post as the D-8 Executive Director. The D-8 Executive Directorship was transformed to a Secretariat General at the 9th Council of the Ministers and according to the decisions taken, a “General Secretary”, a “Director” and an “Economist” were appointed by Indonesia, Iran and Turkey, respectively. An example of cooperation among developing countries within the framework of a South-South dialogue, the D-8 aims to improve the developing countries’ positions in the world economy, diversify and create new opportunities in trade relations, enhance participation in decision-making mechanism at the international level, and provide people with better living standards.