The National Park of dilek Peninsula Buyuk Menderes Delta covers an area f 27.675 hectares(68.357 acres). 10.985 hectares of this land belongs to Dilek Peninsula, which was declared as a national park in 1966. Buyuk .Menderes Delta, adjacent to the southern part of the peninsula covering an area of 16.690 hectares (41.224 acres), was also included in the national park in 1994.
Dilek Peninsula is the last point where Samsun Mountains, having a length of 20km and a width odf approximately 5 kms, reach the Aegean Sea. The morphologic structure of this area embraces a number of hills, valleys, a canyon and bays. The average altitude of the peninsula is 650 m and the highest point is the Dilek Hill (Mykale), from which the national park derives its name, with an altitude of 1237 m.
Panionion, the sacred gathering center of the 12 Ionian cities in the 9th century B.C., the antique city of Thebai, Panagia Monastery, the historical village of Doganbey and Karine, the Hagios Antonios Monastery and the Cave of Zeus are located within the boundaries of the National Park.
The Flora of Dilek Peninsula has a rich variety of plants belonging to 95 families and 904 kinds of plants belonging to various species, sub-species and varieties. 6 species of these plants are endemic, peculiar to the area. In addition to that, the peninsula includes 18 species which are endemic for Turkey. The area contains most of the samples of the Mediterranean Maqius Flora in their liveliest and healthiest forms. Dilek Peninsula is the only area where Anatolian chestnut( castana sativa) peculiar to the forests of the Northern Anatolia grows in the south; and snowball(viburnum tinus), which grows only in a few areas of Turkey. Phoenecian juniper(juniperus Phoenicia)., holm oak (quercus ilex & coccifera), cypress (cupressus sempervirens var. horizontalis) are other species which only grow in this area in the form of small forests. Owing to this unique diversity of plants the European Council declared Dilek Peninsula as the Flora Biogenetic Reserve Area in the European Biogenetic Reserves Diagram.
Dilek Peninsula hosts 28 species of mammals, 42 species of reptiles and a great number of marine animals. Furthermore, the peninsula is the western most point where the extinct or nearly extinct Anatolian panther (panthera pardus tulliana) lives. The Mediterranean monk seal (monachus monachus), which is among 10 most rare sea mammals of the world, lives on the shores of this peninsula. Boar (sus scrofa), caracal (caracal caracal) lynx (lynx lynx), jackal (canis aureus), hyena (hyaena hyaena), wild cattle and horses are among the fauna of the peninsula.
Buyuk Menderes Delta region of the National Park is a marshy area with a few lagoons, salty marshes and mud plains with an overflowing character. Owing to its reach biodiversity and hosting critically endangered and endemic species, Delta is under protection through International Ramsar, Bern and Rio Arrangements andd Barcelona Convention.
Among the 256 species of birds living in the area 70 of them breed there. Globally endangered pygmy cormorant ( phalacrocorax pygmeus). Dalmatian pelican (pelecanus crispus) which the world population is estimated at 3000 in the world, little egret (egretta garzetta), lesser kestrel (falco naumanni) and white-tailed eagle (haliaeetus alblcilla) are among the important species of birds which breed in the area.
The old village of Doganbey, was named as Domatia and populated by the Greeks until the population exchange of 1924. After that the village was inhabited by Turks and abandoned some time later. The village, therefore, is like an open air museum, demonstrating the most beautiful examples of Turkish andd Greek architecture carrying the traces of the past civilizations. The village comprises some original buildings, one of which is the Information and the Visitor Center, in addition to a chapel and a church.
The Information and Visitor Center, which was a school when the village was inahabited by the Greeks, was left in ruins after the population exchange. The building was restored in 2001 and converted into the Information and Visitor Center. The building comprises a museum room, and exhibition hall for educational and cultural activities, library, a computer room for the needs and information purposes of the visitors, education room; aimed at the education of the young generations through workshops, which also enables the visitors for bird watching with telescope, slide room for the visitors, meeting room, information center, administrative center and a cafeteria.
The visitors, in the designated areas can carry out sportive activities on the blue flagged beaches, or take trekking tours together with various activities such as rock climbing, mountain biking, photo safari, view watching, fishing, (with fishing lines only), cultural trakking, bird watching, horse safari, bike safari and botanica tours.
THERMAL CENTER IN DAVUTLAR
Registration Date: 09.09.2004/24
Name of the Establishment Radon Thermal Establishment and Cure Center
Owner of the establishment Davutlar Dilek Kuyusu Sultan Hanım Termal Kaplıca Turizm ve San.Tic.Ltd.Şti.
Adres and the Phone: Kuşadası ilçesi, Davutlar Beldesi Köyüstü Mevkii AYDIN Tel:( 0 256 ) 657 11 05
Davutlar Termal Kaplıcası Davutlar Thermal Establishment is in Davutkoy which is 3 kms. distance to Davutlar Center.
Its thermal water is used for reuma, stres, atherosclerosis, sciatic, vittiligo, eczema, impotence, agenesis and during diet.
In this establishment there are three 120 square meter size pools containing sulfur inside.
Menderes River Basin has a great underground mineral water resource on the both left and right side of the river wihch is created by the river starting with the 900 mts. altitude untill reaching the Aegean Sea for thousands of years.
Germencik District, Bozkoy and Gumuskoy Districts has the most important Thermal Resources of the Area. Thermal Resource in Davutlar and Salavatlı thermal which is the west part of Sultanhisar is used by the local people in the region.
*Total mineralization of the thermal is 6016,97 mg/Lt.,
*It has a mixed charecter thermal water with Sodium Chloride(salt-sodium 1167 mg/Lt., chloride 2602 mg/Lt.) and with Fluoride (1,6 mg/Lt.)
*It is used as a collateral component for the treatments of diseases bleow
*Under the control of the medical doctor, it is applied in form of bath application for inflammatory rheumatismal diseases (romatoid artrid, romatoid spondilit)
*Noninflamatory Juncture ossium diseases such as Chronic backache , osteoarthritis
*Used as to add the finishing touches after soft tissue diseases such as myositis, tendinitis, trauma, fibromyositis syndrome
*Mobilization work , after staying immobile because of a cerebral and nerve surgeries
*For rehabilitation of cerebral palsy
*Stress disordery, neurotony
*Dermatological diseases such as psoriasis
*Catarrhal problems and respiratory system
*Since the water has fluoride inside, it can be drinkable but the resource is salty so that it is not recommended to drink.