A gateway between the Central Anatolia and the Black Sea regions, Çorum has a 7000-year-long history. In Çorum one can see a culture bridge connecting East to West
In addition to its Seljuki and Ottoman heritage, it is possible to find traces from Chalcolithic, Early Bronze, Hittite, Phriyg, Hellenistic and Roman ages in Çorum. Since Hattusa, the capital city of the Hittite Civilization and some other centers including Alacahöyük remain within its provincial borderlines, Çorum functions rather like an open air museum. The Oldest Peace Treaty“Kadesh Treaty”, signed between the Hittites and Egyptians -two very important civilizations of the world history-, was unearthed in the excavations in Boğazköy in 1906. The treaty was carved on clay tablets. Today, a copy of the Kadesh Treaty - “world’s oldest international peace treaty”- concluded between these tow old and rich civilizations is being exhibited in the New York office of UN. Çorum MuseumOriginally built as a health school in 1914, the building is a typical sample of 19th century architecture. After its restoration in 2003, it was opened as a museum. The museum is one-of-a-kind because findings from Chalcolithic, Early Bronze, Phriyg, Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine ages are all being exhibited together. These findings were discovered in the excavation sites in Alacahöyük, Boğazköy_Hattusa, Ortaköy-Şapinuva, Eskiyapar and Hüseyindede. The relief vases, tablets with cuneiform writings, the sword, Protector God of Countryside are some of the very important findings survived to date. Alacahöyük Museum and Ruins The Alacahöyük Museum which operates under the administration of the Çorum Museum is located 45 km. away from Çorum and 160 km away from Ankara. In the museum findings from the Alacahöyük excavations, dating back to Chalcolithic, Early Bronze, Hittite and Phriyg ages and other ethnographic items are being exhibited. In the excavations conducted in Alacahöyük, which was a religion and art center in the Early Bronze age and Hittite era, four different civilization periods were revealed. The systematic excavations of the old Anatolian settlements, which serve as the basis of Hittite culture, were initiated at the behest of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. In 1935, the excavations were
Originally built as a Health School in 1914, the building is a typical sample of 19th century architecture. After its restoration in 2003, it was opened as a museum
Kapılıkaya Monumental Rock-hewn TombsLays on a rugged land, close to Kırkdilim district on the Çorum-Osmancık highway, on the right-hand side
started by Turkish Historical Society. In addition to the Hittite culture, another very rich culture, namely, the Hatti culture, which is regarded as the ancestors and origins of the Hittites, was unearthed in Alacahöyük. Boğazkale - Hattusa Egypt, Babel, Mitanni and Hittite... The superpowers of the Antique East... Until 1200s BC, the Hittites ruled over most parts of Anatolia and from time to time to Northern Syria. Hattusa, the capital city of this important civilization remains in Boğazkale district, 80 km southwest of Corum. The excavation studies initiated in region, which was registered as a “Historic National Park” in 1988, is still being conducted today by “German Archaeology Institute”. YazılıkayaAs Hattusa, the capital city of Hittites in Boğazkale, was registered in the “World’s culture Heritage List” of UNESCO, the district was draws special attention. Clearly the largest and most impressive spot of Hattusa is the Yazılıkaya Temple, hidden among high rocks. The temple, which has god and goddess figures in relief forms on it, was especially used for “new year celebrations”. İncesu CanyonLocated in the İncesu village of the Ortaköy District, the İncesu Canyon has only one entrance and exit. The Canyon offers a suitable environment for rafting and trekking sports. The width of the 12.5-km-long canyon varies between 40 to 60 meters. The Canyon, which is being mainly used for rafting when the water flow is strong enough, also has a trekking route to be used on other times. The natural beauty on this trekking route strikes the visitors. Çorum Clock TowerBuilt in 1894 upon the order of Yedi Sekiz Hasan Pasha, the Custodian of Beşiktaş, the minaret-shaped Clock Tower of the town is one of the most important edifices.
Its epigraph lies on the arched door, opening southwards. Closed with a lead dome, the tower has four clocks on each façade. The tower, made of yellow cut-sand-stone, has 81 stairs from the round-arched door leading to the balcony.Veli Pasha Mansion and Han (Inn)The Veli Pasha Han, built in Çepni quarter upon the order of Veli Pasha, a Bey from Yozgat, was burnt down in a fire in 1914 and was re-built in 1915-16. The two-storey han is 1000 m2. With its 35 rooms, the building was used as a hotel for many years. Today, it is being run as a market.The Veli Pasha mansion, on the other side, was built open the order of Şevket Bey, son of Veli Pasha in 1923-24. It lies right in the city center. As a fine example of typical Çorum residences, the mansion completes the historic pattern of the town Eski Çorum evlerinin bazısı yıkılmaya yüz tutmuşken bazısı restore edilmektedir.Just some of the many fine old houses, many of them falling apart, some being restored.
Copper and tinsmith still continues in Çorum.. (Top) Service Building of the Çorum Governorship (Top left)
İskilip Rock-hewn TombsThe İskilip Rock-hewn tombs lay on the south and southeast skirts of the İskilip Fortress, built on a 100m-high rock during the Ottoman reign. The tombs are dated back to Roman age. The rock-hewn tomb on the south has a two-columned entrance. Corum is a spot, which should definitely be visited and be benefited by tourism professionals, both for its natural and historic values. In addition to its traditional snack, -roasted chickpeas- the city is also famous for the rice grown in its districts Osmancık and Kargı, which is quite popular among gourmets. The city hosts International Hittitology Congress every six years. Resources:Çorum Governorship/ The Archive of the Provincial Directorate of Culture and Tourism, Mr. Murat Öçal, Photographer of Ministry of Culture and Tourism, Dr. Ateş Velidedeoğlu, İsmail Dölarslan.
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