The history of Turkey tells of a 10,000 year-old civilization.
Anatolia is a melting pot where cultures from Sumer, Babylon and Assyria interacted, for centuries with peoples such as the Hattis, Hittites and Hourrites.
The result was a unique Anatolian civilisation which has long inspired the thoughts and legends of the West.
The ancient Bronze Age witnessed the establishment of the first independent City States.
At that time, the centre and Southeast of Anatolia were inhabited by the indigenous Hattis.
The most spectacular findings from this time are those of Alaca Hoyuk in the Kizilirmak region and of Horoztepe near Tokat, in the Black Sea region.
They are contemporary with the royal tombs of Mycenae in Greece.
The Earliest Settlement in Aegean Region
0,7 miles diameter wide Cukurici Hoyuk (Mound) is located on the southeast part of Ephesus Ancient city, in a very lush plain surrounded with orchards.
The excavations directing that this hillside is dating back to prehistoric periods. And during 1000 years of time, it was settled continuously.
Large settlement segments are accumulated in Cukurici Hoyuk. Such settlements are typical from East and Southeast to Europe during both Neolothical and Bronze Ages ( 8th to 2nd Millenium BC.) And in Western Turkey (Western Anatolia) only few of them systematically studied.