Saint Sophia It is the most beautiful city in the world, a bridge connecting Asia and Europe, a city ruled by one hundred and twenty-three emperors and sultans, that is ten Roman, eighty-two Byzantine and thirty Otoman rulers, one of the unmatched cities of the world with respect to natural beauties and historical prominence and the capital of the Byzantine and Ottoman Empires.
Hagia Sophia which is a masterpiece of the Byzantine art has created great admiration with the magnificence of its interior ornamentation, its size as to architecture which is unusally big for a church, with the height and long diameter of the dome above the central space beginning from the years it was first built. The building constructed bu Isidoros from Miletus and Antemios from Trellis was completed in 537.
Saint Saviour in Chora(Khora) Monastery Church
When it was built by Theodorus in 509, this place was outside the city walls. Therefore, it was called as “in Chora” meaning in the country. The importance of the Chora Monastery Church from the point of the Byzantine art sources from the mosaics and frescos in it.
The Pantocrator Monastery Church
Thre are other remains except the relics of Saint Demetrius in this church known to be built during the reign of the Emperor Eons Comnenus II about the end of the Middle Byzantine Period.
Monastery of Constantinus Lips
This is the church of the monastery founded by Constantinus Lips, the commander of the fleets at the beginning of the tenth century.
Hagios Andreas En Te Krisei Monastery(Church of Saint Andrew Krisei)
It is not known when this monastery was built which bears the name of the apostle Hagios Andreas en te Krisei who is believed to have converted the Byzantines into Christianity.
Hagia Irene Church
Hagia Irene built by Constantinus I in the fourth century and which is one of the most important churches of Byzantium had burned during the Nika riot in 532 and it was rebuilt by Iustinianos I.
Hagia Euphemia Church
This church built in the name of Saint Euphemia from Chalcedon is in the vicinity of the Hippodrome. It is famous for its frescos depicting the life of Saint Euphemia in it and its remains as the example of the early church architecture.
Theotokos Pammakaristos Church
It is located between Karagümrük and Fener. It is thought that it was built by Michael DucasGlabas who was a Byzantine commander and by his wife Maria who was the sister of the Emperor Alexius Comninus I in the year of 1292.
Saint Saviour Pantepoptes Church
It was founded by Alexius Comnenus I on a slope ruling the Golden Horn between the years of 1081 and 1087.
Saint Saviour Kataleptos Church
It is adjacent to the Valens Aqueduct between Şehzadebaşı and Beyazıt. It was built with the name of Saint Diaconissa Church in the ninth century.
Hagia Theodosia Church (literally Rose Mosque)
It is on the Karadeniz Main Street in Ayakapı. Since the name of Theodosia who was unjustly killed was mentioned among the names of the saints, this church was built in her name.
Myrelaion Monastery Church
It was built as the church of the Myrelalion Monastery built in the tenth century.