The Hittites arrived in Anatolia towards the second millennium BC.
They absorbed much or the Babylonian civilisation and long enjoyed a monopoly of iron in Asia.
This, combined with the use or the chariot, gave the Hittites a military superiority over Egypt and other Mesopotamian states.
The victorious raid against Babylon in 1590 BC was the climax of the first Hittite Empire, followed by period or decline.
Then, in the first half or the fourteenth century, came a revival or power.
This second era saw a Hittite hegemony stretching from the shores of the Mediterranean to the Persian Gulf.