The first traces of occupation of the area where the city of Ephesus later stood date back to 5000 B.C. During the Bronze Age, the hill called Ayasoluk (from Hagios Theologos) was already the site of a fortified settlement; it was probably the site of Apasa, mentioned in Hittite sources of the mid-2nd millenium, from which the Hellezined name Ephesus would have derived.
TRADITIONAL RESIDENTIAL ARCHITECTURE OF BERGAMA
The housing activities in Bergama and environs beginning since the 1300s with the Turkish age are formed by the new cultural concept. Residential architecture that forms a part of these activities is reshaped with both new values and the cultural elements going back to the Antiquity.
In the Grand Theater the cries of spectators in their tens of thousands mingle with the roar of the lions loosed on the gladiators.
As blood is spilled in the arena, out there on the foothills of Mt. Panayir the bright red anemones are blooming.
A dog bursts out of a cave, and then seven men emerge rubbing their eyes.