The Mitanni kingdom was a contemporary and the enemy of the Hittites.
It was founded by the Hourrites, a people originally from the South Caspian Sea.
The Hourrites exercised considerable influence over the religion of the Hittites, and spread the use of two-wheel chariots and the breeding or horses throughout the Near East.
The Hittites arrived in Anatolia towards the second millennium BC.
They absorbed much or the Babylonian civilisation and long enjoyed a monopoly of iron in Asia.
This, combined with the use or the chariot, gave the Hittites a military superiority over Egypt and other Mesopotamian states.
The victorious raid against Babylon in 1590 BC was the climax of the first Hittite Empire, followed by period or decline.
Then, in the first half or the fourteenth century, came a revival or power.
This second era saw a Hittite hegemony stretching from the shores of the Mediterranean to the Persian Gulf.
The history of Turkey tells of a 10,000 year-old civilization.
Anatolia is a melting pot where cultures from Sumer, Babylon and Assyria interacted, for centuries with peoples such as the Hattis, Hittites and Hourrites.
The result was a unique Anatolian civilisation which has long inspired the thoughts and legends of the West.
The ancient Bronze Age witnessed the establishment of the first independent City States.
At that time, the centre and Southeast of Anatolia were inhabited by the indigenous Hattis.
The most spectacular findings from this time are those of Alaca Hoyuk in the Kizilirmak region and of Horoztepe near Tokat, in the Black Sea region.
They are contemporary with the royal tombs of Mycenae in Greece.